Document Detail


An ecological analysis of risk factors for postpartum disorders of Holstein-Friesian cows from thirty-two New York farms.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2384616     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Path analysis and multiple logistic-normal regression were used to model the interrelationships between stated herd management practices and herd 30-d postpartum incidence rates of dystocia, retained placenta, and clinical postpartum metritis, cystic ovary, milk fever, ketosis, left displaced abomasum, and mastitis. Management risk factors were obtained from a personal interview questionnaire. Data were from 2141 multiparous Holstein calvings from May 1981 through April 1982 in 32 commercial herds in the vicinity of Cornell University. Farms where the stated policy was to administer low calcium diets to the dry cows experienced more dystocia and retained placenta. More dystocia was experienced on farms where the stated policy was to administer extra vitamin D to dry cows, where dry cows were housed with the milking cows, or where calving occurred in maternity pens rather than stanchions. There was an increased likelihood of milk fever and left displaced abomasum on farms on which the stated policy was to lead feed. Farms where dairy farmers treated cases of retained placenta had more retained placenta than farms on which the treatment was done by the veterinarian. Farms reporting the practice of feeding the cows to increase their weight during the dry period had increased odds of ketosis.
Authors:
M T Correa; C R Curtis; H N Erb; J M Scarlett; R D Smith
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of dairy science     Volume:  73     ISSN:  0022-0302     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Dairy Sci.     Publication Date:  1990 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-09-18     Completed Date:  1990-09-18     Revised Date:  2003-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985126R     Medline TA:  J Dairy Sci     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1515-24     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Clinical Sciences, New York State College of Veterinary Medicine.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Abomasum
Animal Husbandry
Animals
Calcium, Dietary / administration & dosage
Cattle
Cattle Diseases / epidemiology*
Dystocia / epidemiology,  veterinary
Endometritis / epidemiology,  veterinary
Female
Incidence
Ketosis / epidemiology,  veterinary
Mastitis, Bovine / epidemiology
Models, Biological
Ovarian Cysts / epidemiology,  veterinary
Parturient Paresis / epidemiology
Placenta Diseases / epidemiology,  veterinary
Pregnancy
Puerperal Disorders / epidemiology,  veterinary*
Questionnaires
Risk Factors
Stomach Volvulus / epidemiology,  veterinary
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Calcium, Dietary

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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