Document Detail

eNOS correlates with mitochondrial biogenesis in hearts of congenital heart disease with cyanosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22858618     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Mitochondrial biogenesis program in heart appears to exhibit adaptive remodeling following biomechanical and oxidative stress. The adaptive mechanisms that protect myocardium metabolism during hypoxia are coordinated in part by nitric oxide (NO). OBJECTIVE: To observe mitochondrial biogenesis and nitric oxide synthase (NOS) expression in hearts of congenital heart disease with cyanosis, discuss mitochondrial response to chronic hypoxia in myocardium. METHODS: 20 patients with cyanotic (n=10) or acyanotic cardiac defects (n=10) were investigated. Samples from the right ventricular outflow tract myocardium taken during operation were studied. Morphometric analysis of mitochondria was performed with transmission electron microscope. Relative mtDNA/nDNA ratio was determined with real-time PCR. Cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COXI), peroxisome-proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator-1α (PGC-1α), nuclear respiratory factor 1 (NRF1), and mitochondrial transcription factor A (Tfam) transcript levels were detected by real-time fluorescent RT-PCR. COXI and nNOS, iNOS and eNOS protein levels were measured with western blot. RESULTS: Mitochondrial volume density (Vv) and numerical density (Nv) were significantly elevated in patients with cyanotic compared to acyanotic congenital heart disease. Elevated mtDNA and up-regulated COXI, PGC-1α, NRF1 and Tfam mRNA levels were observed in cyanotic patients. Protein levels of COXI and eNOS were significantly higher in the myocardium of cyanotic than of acyanotic patients. PGC-1α transcript levels correlated with the levels of eNOS. Conclusion: Mitochondrial biogenesis is activated in right ventricular outflow tract myocardium in congenital heart disease with cyanosis, which could be the adaptive response to chronic hypoxia and possibly involves eNOS up-regulation. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2012; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0).
Juan Xiao; Lin Chen; Xuefeng Wang; Mei Liu; Yingbin Xiao
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-02
Journal Detail:
Title:  Arquivos brasileiros de cardiologia     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1678-4170     ISO Abbreviation:  Arq. Bras. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0421031     Medline TA:  Arq Bras Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG; POR     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Xinqiao Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, PR, China.
Vernacular Title:
eNOS se correlaciona com a biogênese mitocondrial em corações com cardiopatia congênita e cianose.
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