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The dynamics of EEG gamma responses to unpleasant visual stimuli: From local activity to functional connectivity.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22270349     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Many electroencephalographic (EEG) studies on the cortical dynamics induced by unpleasant picture viewing demonstrated the modulation of event-related-potentials (ERPs) components as a function of valence and the increase of gamma band responses to emotional stimuli; while only a few studies investigated phase synchronization phenomena such as inter-trial or between regions phase locking of gamma responses to emotional stimulation. The aim of this study was to provide a complete description of the cortical dynamics induced by unpleasant and neutral pictures viewing, from the ERP averages to gamma rhythm modulation, and its phase synchronization. Gamma rhythm modulation was estimated by the event-related synchronization (ERS) approach, and phase synchrony between trials and between cortical regions was studied by extending the phase-locking statistics (PLS) approach. Consistent with previous literature, an increase in P300 and late positive potential and an increase in gamma activity during viewing of unpleasant pictures as compared to neutral ones were found. No inter-trial synchronization was evoked by the stimuli, whereas widespread phase locking between sites was identified. In particular, differences in gamma synchronization between unpleasant and neutral stimuli were found. Specifically, at early (0-250ms) lags from stimulus onset, in the 38-45Hz gamma interval, stronger inter-site synchronizations for the unpleasant stimuli, even though quite widespread across the scalp, mainly involved the interhemispheric synchronization between temporal and frontal regions. In contrast, in the 30-37Hz gamma interval, stronger synchronizations for the responses to neutral trials were found in the 500-750 time interval, mainly involving the temporo-parietal regions. These findings suggest that the full elaboration of unpleasant stimuli requires a tight interhemispheric communication between temporal and frontal regions that is realized by means of phase synchronization at about 40Hz. In addition, in contrast with the idea of a broadband modulation of high-frequency activity by cognitive/emotional stimuli, the present findings i.e. stronger BRS responses to either emotional or neutral trials at specific frequency and time range, indicate that specific intervals of gamma activity could be each primarily involved in a specific aspect of stimulus processing.
Nicola Martini; Danilo Menicucci; Laura Sebastiani; Remo Bedini; Alessandro Pingitore; Nicola Vanello; Matteo Milanesi; Luigi Landini; Angelo Gemignani
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-1-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  NeuroImage     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1095-9572     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-1-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9215515     Medline TA:  Neuroimage     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Inc.
Fondazione G. Monasterio CNR-Regione Toscana, Pisa, Italy.
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