Document Detail


The dynamic behavior of the diastolic slope of monophasic action potential can be related to the occurrence and maintenance of delayed afterdepolarization dependent arrhythmias.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9990600     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We have described the value of the diastolic slope of the MAP recording at the end of a pacing train as a qualifying marker for the induction of delayed afterdepolarization (DAD) dependent arrhythmias. In the present study (1) the behavior of the slope at different time points during a pacing train was quantified and related to the arrhythmogenic outcome (group A) and (2) termination of DAD dependent VT was related to changes in the slope steepness (group B). In dogs with chronic complete AV block, a MAP was recorded during (1) ventricular pacing, before and after ouabain administration (group A) and (2) 6 spontaneous and 6 lidocaine induced VT terminations (group B). During control (group A), the slope at the end of pacing train was 5 +/- 3 m V/s (mean +/- SD), independent of the pacing duration. During ouabain, this increased to 20 +/- 15 mV/s (P < 0.05), varying with the duration of pacing. The slope was steeper after pacing for 4 seconds, compared to 20 seconds (26 +/- 12 mV/s vs 16 +/- 13 mV/s, P < 0.05) which corresponded with more frequent VT induction. In spontaneously terminating VTs (group B), CL increased from 353 +/- 54 ms at the start to 434 +/- 78 ms (P < 0.05) before VT termination. This corresponded with a decreasing steepness of the slope from 19 +/- 10 mV/s to 6 +/- 5 mV/s (P < 0.05). In lidocaine induced VT termination, the CL and the steepness of the slope showed an identical behavior. There is a dynamic variation in the steepness of the diastolic slope during pacing, which depends on the duration of pacing and predicts arrhythmogenic outcome. Furthermore, a decrease in steepness of the slope during DAD dependent VT can be used to predict VT termination.
Authors:
S H De Groot; M A Vos; A P Gorgels; J D Leunissen; M Hermans; L R Dohmen; H J Wellens
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pacing and clinical electrophysiology : PACE     Volume:  22     ISSN:  0147-8389     ISO Abbreviation:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Publication Date:  1999 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-05-26     Completed Date:  1999-05-26     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7803944     Medline TA:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  49-59     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiology, Cardiovascular Research Institute Maastricht, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Action Potentials
Animals
Anti-Arrhythmia Agents / pharmacology
Cardiac Pacing, Artificial*
Diastole
Dogs
Electrophysiology
Heart / physiopathology*
Lidocaine / pharmacology
Ouabain / pharmacology
Tachycardia, Ventricular / etiology,  physiopathology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anti-Arrhythmia Agents; 137-58-6/Lidocaine; 630-60-4/Ouabain

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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