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A dose-response relationship between fish consumption and human milk DHA content among Filipino women in Cebu City, Philippines.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22759234     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Aims:  Human milk is the primary source of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) for most infants, an important fatty acid for neurological development. Milk DHA is largely incorporated from the maternal diet. Little is known about whether milk DHA varies within populations with differences in maternal fish consumption. Here, we investigate this association in a sample of marginally nourished Filipino women. Methods:  Milk samples were collected during in-home interviews with 117 lactating Filipino mothers from Cebu City, Philippines nursing infants less than 24 months of age. Anthropometric data and dietary recalls were also collected. Samples were analyzed for total fatty acid composition using gas chromotography. Multivariate regression was used to test the association between fish consumption and milk DHA. Results:  Milk DHA showed a positive, dose responsive relationship with maternal fish consumption (p<0.011, r(2) =0.21). Milk DHA was also positively related to protein intake, likely reflecting the association between fish and protein intake (p<0.009). Unlike prior studies, parity predicted increased milk DHA (p=0.03). Conclusions:  Increasing fish consumption during lactation may be a cost-effective means of increasing delivery of DHA to infants particularly in populations with marginal energy intakes during lactation. However, this must be weighed against the potential dangers of increasing exposure to fish-based pollutants. © 2012 The Author(s)/Acta Paediatrica © 2012 Foundation Acta Paediatrica.
Ea Quinn; Cw Kuzawa
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-3
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1651-2227     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9205968     Medline TA:  Acta Paediatr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 The Author(s)/Acta Paediatrica © 2012 Foundation Acta Paediatrica.
Department of Anthropology, Washington University in St. Louis Department of Anthropology, Northwestern University Cells 2 Society: the Center for Social Disparities and Health at the Institute for Policy Research, Northwestern University.
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