Document Detail

The donation process of living kidney donors.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15855199     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: The rates of both genetic and non-genetic living donors are increasing. However, previous research has almost exclusively explored the decision-making of genetic donors. Therefore, in this study both genetic and non-genetic donors are investigated with focus on their whole donation process. METHODS: Thirty-nine donors were interviewed the day before nephrectomy and 3 weeks afterwards. Twenty-three donors were genetic relatives, 16 were not. The interviews were analysed qualitatively, mainly by narrative structuring. RESULTS: All donors but one passed seven steps in the donation process. They included: (i) awareness of suffering; compassion and empathy; (ii) imminence of transplantation; recognition of oneself as potential donor; (iii) information acquisition and deliberation; (iv) attribution of responsibility to oneself; announcement of decision to donate; (v) examination; maintaining the decision; (vi) facing nephrectomy; and (vii) postoperative experiences. Two types of decision-making were displayed: immediate and later announcement of decision. Half the donors belonged to each type. Various relationship groups displayed different types. The examination period was the most stressful time, partly due to imperfect coordination and excessive time-wasting. One-third found postoperative pain the most painful experience ever. There was a lack of attention to regressive needs and to recognition of the deed. CONCLUSIONS: The two types of decision-making seem similar in ethical requirements. It is not a genetic or non-genetic relationship per se that determines what kind of decision the donors make. Psychological support, especially during Steps 5 and 7, should be improved and the donors included in a structured donation programme. Possible health care ambivalence toward living donation should not affect the donors.
Margareta A Sanner
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2005-04-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nephrology, dialysis, transplantation : official publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association     Volume:  20     ISSN:  0931-0509     ISO Abbreviation:  Nephrol. Dial. Transplant.     Publication Date:  2005 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-07-21     Completed Date:  2005-11-15     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8706402     Medline TA:  Nephrol Dial Transplant     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1707-13     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Unit of Health Services Research, Uppsala University, Uppsala Science Park, SE-751 85 Uppsala, Sweden.
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MeSH Terms
Adaptation, Psychological
Attitude to Health*
Decision Making*
Health Status
Kidney Transplantation / psychology*
Living Donors / psychology*
Middle Aged

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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