Document Detail

Racial/ethnic disparities in infant mortality: the role of behavioral factors.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12055697     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Using the National Maternal and Infant Health Survey 1988 (NMIHS), a nationally representative sample of mothers, we investigate the role of behavioral factors in explaining racial/ethnic disparities in infant mortality. In particular, we focus on the following variables: weight gain during pregnancy, prenatal care utilization, exercise, vitamin use, and substance use during pregnancy. These analyses are conducted by modeling both time of death (neonatal vs. postneonatal) and cause of death (infections, perinatal complications, delivery complications, congenital malformations, SIDS, other causes) outcomes. Our results suggest that behavioral factors are partially responsible for observed race/ethnic differentials in infant mortality, but are not as important as sociostructural determinants such as SES.
B K Finch; R Frank; R A Hummer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Social biology     Volume:  47     ISSN:  0037-766X     ISO Abbreviation:  Soc Biol     Publication Date:    2000 Fall-Winter
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-06-11     Completed Date:  2002-07-12     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0205621     Medline TA:  Soc Biol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  244-63     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Sociology, Florida State University and School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Cause of Death
Ethnic Groups / statistics & numerical data*
Health Behavior
Infant Mortality*
Infant, Newborn
Logistic Models
Multivariate Analysis
Risk Factors
Socioeconomic Factors
United States / epidemiology
Grant Support

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