Document Detail

A direct comparison of the defense mechanisms of nondepressed people and depressed psychiatric inpatients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8425395     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This report presents a direct comparison of defensive styles (as measured by the Defense Mechanisms Inventory [DMI]) in a sample of depressed psychiatric inpatients and samples of nondepressed male and female normative groups. Consistent with the "depressive realism" literature, nondepressed men and women were more likely than their depressed counterparts to bias their perceptions in an overly cheerful, optimistic direction. Counternormative sex differences were also found. Depressed men were more likely to use internalizing defenses and depressed women were more likely to use externalizing defenses than their respective nondepressed comparison groups. Overall, as has been speculated, there was a relationship within depressed subjects between depression severity and the amount of negatively biased self-perception.
G M Margo; R P Greenberg; S Fisher; M Dewan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Comprehensive psychiatry     Volume:  34     ISSN:  0010-440X     ISO Abbreviation:  Compr Psychiatry     Publication Date:    1993 Jan-Feb
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-03-02     Completed Date:  1993-03-02     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372612     Medline TA:  Compr Psychiatry     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  65-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychiatry, State University of New York Health Science Center, Syracuse 13210.
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MeSH Terms
Defense Mechanisms*
Depressive Disorder / diagnosis,  psychology*
Perceptual Distortion
Personality Inventory / statistics & numerical data
Self Concept
Social Perception

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