Document Detail


A direct comparison of the consequences of plant genotypic and species diversity on communities and ecosystem function.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21661554     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Biodiversity loss is proceeding at an unprecedented rate, yet we lack a thorough understanding of the consequences of losing diversity at different scales. While species diversity is known to impact community and ecosystem processes, genotypic diversity is assumed to have relatively smaller effects. Nonetheless, a few recent studies suggest that genotypic diversity may have quantitatively similar ecological consequences compared to species diversity. Here we show that increasing either genotypic diversity of common evening primrose (Oenothera biennis) or species diversity of old-field plant species resulted in nearly equivalent increases (approximately 17%) in aboveground primary production. The predominant mechanism explaining this effect, niche complementarity, was similar for each type of diversity. Arthropod species richness also increased with both types of plant diversity, but the mechanisms leading to this effect differed: abundance-driven accumulation of arthropod species was important in plant genotypic polycultures, whereas resource specialization was important in plant species polycultures. Thus, similar increases in primary productivity differentially impacted higher trophic levels in response to each type of plant diversity. These results highlight important ecological similarities and differences between genotypic and species diversity and suggest that genotypic diversity may play a larger role in community and ecosystem processes than previously realized.
Authors:
Susan C Cook-Patton; Scott H McArt; Amy L Parachnowitsch; Jennifer S Thaler; Anurag A Agrawal
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ecology     Volume:  92     ISSN:  0012-9658     ISO Abbreviation:  Ecology     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-06-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0043541     Medline TA:  Ecology     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  915-23     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA.
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