Document Detail

A diffusion-based truncated projection artifact reduction method for iterative digital breast tomosynthesis reconstruction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23318346     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) has strong promise to improve sensitivity for detecting breast cancer. DBT reconstruction estimates the breast tissue attenuation using projection views (PVs) acquired in a limited angular range. Because of the limited field of view (FOV) of the detector, the PVs may not completely cover the breast in the x-ray source motion direction at large projection angles. The voxels in the imaged volume cannot be updated when they are outside the FOV, thus causing a discontinuity in intensity across the FOV boundaries in the reconstructed slices, which we refer to as the truncated projection artifact (TPA). Most existing TPA reduction methods were developed for the filtered backprojection method in the context of computed tomography. In this study, we developed a new diffusion-based method to reduce TPAs during DBT reconstruction using the simultaneous algebraic reconstruction technique (SART). Our TPA reduction method compensates for the discontinuity in background intensity outside the FOV of the current PV after each PV updating in SART. The difference in voxel values across the FOV boundary is smoothly diffused to the region beyond the FOV of the current PV. Diffusion-based background intensity estimation is performed iteratively to avoid structured artifacts. The method is applicable to TPA in both the forward and backward directions of the PVs and for any number of iterations during reconstruction. The effectiveness of the new method was evaluated by comparing the visual quality of the reconstructed slices and the measured discontinuities across the TPA with and without artifact correction at various iterations. The results demonstrated that the diffusion-based intensity compensation method reduced the TPA while preserving the detailed tissue structures. The visibility of breast lesions obscured by the TPA was improved after artifact reduction.
Yao Lu; Heang-Ping Chan; Jun Wei; Lubomir M Hadjiiski
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2013-01-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Physics in medicine and biology     Volume:  58     ISSN:  1361-6560     ISO Abbreviation:  Phys Med Biol     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-16     Completed Date:  2013-06-26     Revised Date:  2014-04-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401220     Medline TA:  Phys Med Biol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  569-87     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Mammography / methods*
Phantoms, Imaging
Radiographic Image Enhancement / methods*
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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