Document Detail


The development of a test system for investigating the performances of personal aerosol samplers under actual workplace conditions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1951052     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The performances of new "total" aerosol samplers for use in workplaces are required to match the inhalability criteria as contained in the latest recommendations of the International Standards Organization (ISO) and the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH). In the past, practical evaluations have been carried out under idealized conditions in wind tunnels, and there is now the need to extend these to more realistic workplace conditions. This paper describes a new test system that was designed and built for this purpose. It consisted of a life-size mannequin mounted on a trolley so that it can be taken to and wheeled around in workplaces. The mannequin itself incorporated a robotic arm so that, under joystick control, it can be made to simulate a range of worker movements, orientations, and attitudes. An electronically controlled, compact breathing machine provided a range of typical breathing parameters for the mannequin. The pump also provided air movement for a number of personal samplers that were mounted on the torso of the mannequin and tested in that position. Sampler performance should be assessed by comparing directly the aerosol collected by the sampler with that inhaled by the mannequin (and collected on filters inside the head).
Authors:
R A Botham; G W Hughson; J H Vincent; D Mark
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American Industrial Hygiene Association journal     Volume:  52     ISSN:  0002-8894     ISO Abbreviation:  Am Ind Hyg Assoc J     Publication Date:  1991 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-12-19     Completed Date:  1991-12-19     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0371160     Medline TA:  Am Ind Hyg Assoc J     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  423-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Institute of Occupational Medicine Ltd., Edinburgh, Scotland, U.K.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aerosols / analysis*
Air Pollutants, Occupational / analysis*
Filtration
Humans
Occupational Medicine / instrumentation*
Respiration
Robotics
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Aerosols; 0/Air Pollutants, Occupational

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Effect of work load and respirator wear on postural stability, heart rate, and perceived exertion.
Next Document:  A local exhaust ventilation system to reduce airborne ribavirin concentrations.