Document Detail


The development of Trichostrongylus colubriformis larvae on a range of herbage species or on plots of differing topographical aspect.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12591198     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Five "contaminations", where faeces containing Trichostrongylus colubriformis eggs were deposited on pasture and serially recovered, were used to compare the rate of decline of faecal mass and larval development. In the first three contaminations, faeces from a common source were deposited on swards of browntop (Agrostis capillaris cv Grasslands Muster), ryegrass (Lolium perenne cv Grassland Nui), white clover (Trifolium pratense cv Grassland Tahora), or onto bare ground in the late spring, summer or autumn. The last two contaminations were done on the north facing aspect or south facing aspect of hill country pastures in summer and autumn. Number of free-living nematodes (first- and second-stage larvae (L(1) and L(2)) and soil dwelling nematodes) and third stage larvae (L(3)) recovered from faeces were counted. In spring there was a significant (P<0.01) effect of sward type on the mass of faeces remaining, with greatest mass remaining on browntop and ryegrass 28 days later, and less on bare ground and white clover. In summer there were more (P<0.05) faeces remaining on browntop than on other herbages which had little faeces remaining and which did not differ one from another. In autumn there was a rapid decline in faecal mass. All faeces were gone from white clover and ryegrass swards by day 10 and from browntop and bare ground by day 14. The number of free-living nematodes did not differ markedly between seasons, ranging from 5 to 8.5% of eggs deposited. The number of L(3) recovered was low in spring ( approximately 0.4% of eggs deposited) and did not differ between swards. In summer, more (P<0.05) L(3) were recovered from faeces deposited on swards of ryegrass and white clover than from bare ground or browntop. Most L(3) were recovered from days 7 to 14 ( approximately 1.3% of eggs deposited). In the autumn, low numbers of L(3) were recovered from browntop on day 3 and ryegrass on day 7 (0.2% of eggs deposited) with virtually no L(3) recovered from faeces placed on white clover or bare ground. There were significant (P<0.001) effects of aspect on the amount of faecal mass remaining in both summer and autumn with less faeces remaining on the south facing aspect than on the north. This was particularly evident during the summer when virtually all of the faeces were intact on the north facing aspect but only 40% was remaining on the south on day 28. In the autumn, while faeces were completely gone from both aspects by day 28 but there were less (P<0.05) faeces remaining on the south facing aspect from days 3 to 18 than from the north. There was no aspect effect in either season on the number of free-living nematodes recovered which averaged 8-11% of eggs deposited. In both seasons a greater number of L(3) were recovered from faeces on the south facing aspect than on the north, particularly 3-10 days after faecal deposition. In summer the rise in L(3) recovered in faeces was more rapid on south facing aspect than on the north but both attained a maximum level of approximately 4% of eggs deposited. In autumn on day 3 there was a rapid rise on south facing aspect to approximately 21% of eggs deposited followed by a gradual decline on day 10 while on the north facing aspect numbers of L(3) recovered only attained 10% of eggs deposited.
Authors:
J H Niezen; H A Robertson; C M Miller; F S Hay
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Veterinary parasitology     Volume:  112     ISSN:  0304-4017     ISO Abbreviation:  Vet. Parasitol.     Publication Date:  2003 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-02-19     Completed Date:  2003-04-23     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7602745     Medline TA:  Vet Parasitol     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  227-40     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
AgResearch Grasslands, P.O. Box 11008, Palmerston North, New Zealand. j.niezen@cgiar.org
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Agrostis / physiology
Angiosperms / physiology*
Animals
Environment
Feces / parasitology*
Female
Larva / growth & development*
Lolium / physiology
Male
Parasite Egg Count
Seasons
Sheep Diseases / parasitology,  transmission
Sheep, Domestic / parasitology*
Soil / parasitology*
Trichostrongylosis / transmission,  veterinary
Trichostrongylus / growth & development*
Trifolium / physiology
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Soil

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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