Document Detail

The detection of hemoglobin variants by isoelectrofocusing using EDTA-collected and filter paper-dried cord blood specimens.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1695479     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A comparative study was conducted aimed at the detection of abnormal hemoglobin conditions (mainly AS, SS, AC, CC, SC, AE, AD, Hb Bart's or gamma 4) by isoelectrofocusing of cord blood samples stored as liquid blood and as dried hemoglobin on filter paper. Analyses were made within four to six days after the collection of the samples; storage conditions mimicked those of testing programs using liquid blood samples (as in Georgia) or dried blood filter paper samples (as in several other states). During analysis of hemoglobin solutions extracted from dried blood samples, considerable difficulties were encountered in detecting significant hemoglobinopathies such as SS and SC, whereas even simple abnormalities such as AS, AC, AD, and AE were also often not diagnosed. Detection of the fast-moving variant Hb Bart's or gamma 4 was not possible. These results again cause doubt regarding the general use of dried blood filter paper samples in newborn hemoglobin testing programs. Perhaps special precautions--such as speed in analyzing the samples, storage at -20 degrees C (or perhaps 4 degrees C) instead of at room temperature, and removal of unstable hemoglobin from the filter paper extract by centrifugation--might eliminate some of the problems that were observed.
A Kutlar; O Ozcan; J T Brisco; M C Ansley; T H Huisman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of clinical pathology     Volume:  94     ISSN:  0002-9173     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Clin. Pathol.     Publication Date:  1990 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-08-23     Completed Date:  1990-08-23     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370470     Medline TA:  Am J Clin Pathol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  199-202     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta 30912-2100.
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MeSH Terms
Double-Blind Method
Edetic Acid
Fetal Blood / analysis*
Fetal Hemoglobin / analysis*
Hemoglobins, Abnormal / analysis*
Isoelectric Focusing
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Hemoglobins, Abnormal; 60-00-4/Edetic Acid; 9034-63-3/Fetal Hemoglobin
Comment In:
Am J Clin Pathol. 1990 Dec;94(6):801   [PMID:  2244600 ]

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