Document Detail

A design process for using normative models in shared decision making: a case study in the context of prenatal testing.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23033887     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Shared decision making (SDM) encourages the patient to play a more active role in the process of medical consultation and its primary objective is to find the best treatment for a specific patient. Recent findings, however, show that patient preferences cannot be easily or accurately judged on the basis of communicative exchange during routine office visits, even for patients who seek to expand their role in medical decision making (MDM). OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to improve the quality of patient-physician communication by developing a novel design process for SDM and then demonstrating, through a case study, the applicability of this process in enabling the use of a normative model for a specific medical situation. DESIGN: Our design process goes through the following stages: definition of medical situation and decision problem, development/identification of normative model, adaptation of normative model, empirical analysis and development of decision support systems (DSS) tools that facilitate the SDM process in the specific medical situation. CASE STUDY: This study demonstrates the applicability of the process through the implementation of the general normative theory of MDM under uncertainty for the medical-financial dilemma of choosing a physician to perform amniocentesis. DISCUSSION: The use of normative models in SDM raises several issues, such as the goal of the normative model, the relation between the goals of prediction and recommendation, and the general question of whether it is valid to use a normative model for people who do not behave according to the model's assumptions.
Sivan Rapaport; Moshe Leshno; Lior Fink
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  Health expectations : an international journal of public participation in health care and health policy     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1369-7625     ISO Abbreviation:  Health Expect     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9815926     Medline TA:  Health Expect     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Department of Industrial Engineering and Management & Telekom Innovation Laboratories, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel.
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