Document Detail

The dermis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11032713     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
All the dermal structures are less well developed in the newborn than in the older infant or child, but there are few important consequences of this. Sweating in response to a thermal stimulus occurs at birth in the term infant and can be detected in most preterm infants from 2 weeks of age. It is poorly developed though. Emotional (palmar/plantar) sweating is present from birth in term infants only. Skin blood flow can be regulated in term and preterm infants, and is often measured indirectly as a temperature gradient. Such a gradient is temperature as well as illness dependent which limits its use as a clinical tool. Sensory nerve endings are readily stimulated in the most immature infants. Finally, damage to the skin in the newborn period commonly leads to scarring, although this usually improves with time.
N Rutter
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Seminars in neonatology : SN     Volume:  5     ISSN:  1084-2756     ISO Abbreviation:  Semin Neonatol     Publication Date:  2000 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-12-18     Completed Date:  2001-01-04     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9606001     Medline TA:  Semin Neonatol     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  297-302     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2000 Harcourt Publishers Ltd.
Academic Division of Child Health, School of Human Development, University of Nottingham, Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Dermis / blood supply,  physiology*
Emotions / physiology
Hypohidrosis / diagnosis
Infant, Newborn / physiology*
Skin / innervation
Sweating / physiology
Wound Healing / physiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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