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The dermatan sulfate-dependent anticoagulant pathway is mostly preserved in aneurysm and in severe atherosclerotic lesions while the heparan sulfate pathway is disrupted.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21256835     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of abdominal aortic aneurysm is associated with changes of several components of arterial wall. Vascular glycosaminoglycans contribute to the non-thrombogenic activity of blood vessels. We investigated whether modifications of glycosaminoglycans in human abdominal aortic aneurysm affect their anticoagulant properties. METHODS: Glycosaminoglycans were extracted from abdominal aortic aneurysm (n=11) derived from reconstitution surgeries, human abdominal aortas (n=9) from normal organ transplant donors and from preserved (n=10) and atherosclerotic (n=17) segments obtained from autopsy of an old patient. Glycosaminoglycan composition, concentration and anticoagulant activity were determined. RESULTS: Glycosaminoglycans extracted from aneurysms have a more potent anticoagulant activity than those from normal arteries of young adults, mostly due to a relative enrichment of dermatan sulfate, which potentiates heparin cofactor II inhibition of thrombin. Arterial segments of aged patient with severe atherosclerosis showed a glycosaminoglycan composition similar to aneurysms samples. Glycosaminoglycans extracted from these regions showed also a more potent heparin cofactor II-dependent anticoagulant activity than lesion-free areas due to the relative enrichment of dermatan sulfate. CONCLUSION: The anticoagulant activity from abdominal aortic aneurysms is preserved. No modifications particular to the aneurysms were dissociated from those observed in atherosclerosis.
Authors:
Ana M F Tovar; Lisandra A C Teixeira; Ana C O Marinho; Deborah A Pinho; Luis-Felipe Silva; Paulo A S Mourão
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-1-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-3492     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-1-31     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1302422     Medline TA:  Clin Chim Acta     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier B.V.
Affiliation:
Laboratório de Tecido Conjuntivo, Instituto de Bioquímica Médica and Hospital Universitário Clementino Fraga Filho, Caixa Postal 68041, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, 21941-590, Brazil.
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