Document Detail


A dermal model for spray painters. Part I: subjective exposure modelling of spray paint deposition.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11137695     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The discriminative power of existing dermal exposure models is limited. Most models only allow occupational hygienists to rank workers between and within workplaces according to broad bands of dermal exposure. No allowance is made for the work practices of different individuals. In this study a process-based, structured approach has been used to estimate dermal exposure from overspray generated by a spray painting process. Factors for spray technique, object shape and workers' individual work practices involved in the processes of droplet formation and deposition were incorporated into the model. The model was applied to predict dermal exposure of airless spray painters and the results were compared with exposure data. The predicted levels of exposure showed reasonable rank correlation with the measured exposure, although the model tended to over-predict the actual level of exposure. It was concluded that a structured, process-based approach has the potential to produce reliable estimates of dermal exposure. The reliability of exposure models of this type should be explored further and the relationship between the determinants of exposure should be validated by additional field studies.
Authors:
D H Brouwer; S Semple; J Marquart; J W Cherrie
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Evaluation Studies; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Annals of occupational hygiene     Volume:  45     ISSN:  0003-4878     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann Occup Hyg     Publication Date:  2001 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-01-26     Completed Date:  2001-04-19     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0203526     Medline TA:  Ann Occup Hyg     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  15-23     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Chemical Exposure Assessment, TNO Voeding, P.O. Box 360, 3700 AJ, Zeist, The Netherlands. brouwer@voeding.tno.nl
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Air Pollutants, Occupational / analysis*
Humans
Models, Biological*
Occupational Exposure / analysis*
Paint*
Reproducibility of Results
Skin Absorption*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Air Pollutants, Occupational

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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