Document Detail


The dependence of motion repulsion and rivalry on the distance between moving elements.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10828469     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We investigated the extent to which motion repulsion and binocular motion rivalry depend on the distance between moving elements. The stimuli consisted of two sets of spatially intermingled, finite-life random dots that moved across each other. The distance between the dots moving in different directions was manipulated by spatially pairing the dot trajectories with various precisions. Data from experiment 1 indicated that motion repulsion occurred reliably only when the average distance between orthogonally moving elements was at least 21.0 arc min. When the dots were precisely paired, a single global direction intermediate to the two actual directions was perceived. This result suggests that, at a relatively small spatial scale, interaction between different directions favors motion attraction or coherence, while interaction at a somewhat larger scale generates motion repulsion. Similarly, data from experiment 2 indicated that binocular motion rivalry was significantly diminished by spatially pairing the dots, which moved in opposite directions in the two eyes. This supports the recent proposal that rivalry occurs at or after the stage of binocular convergence, since monocular cells could not have directly responded to our interocular pairing manipulation. Together, these findings suggest that the neural mechanisms underlying motion perception are highly sensitive to the fine spatial relationship between moving elements.
Authors:
N Matthews; B J Geesaman; N Qian
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Vision research     Volume:  40     ISSN:  0042-6989     ISO Abbreviation:  Vision Res.     Publication Date:  2000  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-08-28     Completed Date:  2000-08-28     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0417402     Medline TA:  Vision Res     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2025-36     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
Center For Neurobiology and Behavior, Columbia University, Room A730, 722 W. 168th Street, New York, NY 10032, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Convergence, Ocular / physiology
Distance Perception / physiology*
Humans
Motion Perception / physiology*
Vision, Binocular / physiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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