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The demonstration of the number, course, and the location of nutrient artery canals of the femur by multidetector computed tomography.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22241728     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the number, course, width and location of nutrient artery canals of the femur by using multidetector computed tomography (MDCT). METHODS: Sixty-six adult (35 right and 31 left) dry femurs were included in this study and scanned by MDCT. Nutrient artery canals were evaluated on the multi-planar reformatted and volume rendered images which were reproduced on the basis of axial images. RESULTS: The median value of nutrient artery canals was two (minimum 1 and maximum 6). We determined that there was a negative correlation between the number of nutrient canals and the canal diameters. The outer ostia of the nutrient artery canals were most frequently located at the middle third segment of femoral diaphysis (65%). While the vast majority of the canals were showing upward courses (95%), only a few canals were having transverse (3%) or downward (2%) courses. Most encountered location of outer ostia of the canals according to linea aspera was the medial lip of the linea aspera (44%). Various variations were demonstrated in the number, course, and location of nutrient artery canals using MDCT. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, the knowledge of the topographic features of the nutrient artery canals may be useful in various clinical implications such as bone grafting or radiologic evaluation for the fracture lines.
Authors:
Nurcan Imre; Bilal Battal; Cengiz Han Acikel; Veysel Akgun; Ayhan Comert; Fatih Yazar
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-1-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Surgical and radiologic anatomy : SRA     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1279-8517     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-1-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8608029     Medline TA:  Surg Radiol Anat     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Gulhane Military Medical Academy, Ankara, Turkey, nercikti@gata.edu.tr.
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