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The delayed activation wave in non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21663984     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the relationship between the electrocardiographic characteristics and the infarct related artery (IRA) in non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). We found a curious phenomenon in electrocardiograms of patients with acute occlusion of left circumflex artery in NSTEM: A notch or deflection was often present in the terminal QRS complex in leads II,III and aVF or I,aVL . The objective of this study was to determine whether the previously unreported ECG phenomenon that we have found in NSTEMI could identify the culprit artery in non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction. METHODS AND RESULTS: Our study included 218 NSTEMI patients who presented to our institution and underwent coronary angiography within 24 hours of admission. For convenience, 'N' wave was defined as a notch or deflection in the terminal QRS complex of the surface ECG. The duration of QRS with N wave before PCI was more prolonged than the duration of QRS without N wave (121±12ms vs 106±11ms, P<0.01). In the LCX group, 66(77%) patients had N wave in leads II, III and aVF, whereas only 5(6%) patients in the LAD group and 9(18%) patients in the RCA group had such ECG feature (P<0.001). A greater proportion of patients in the LCX group also had N waves in leads I and aVL (P<0.001). N wave in leads II, III and aVF was associated with 77% sensitivity and 89% specificity, respectively. N wave in leads I and aVL was associated with 64% sensitivity and 96% specificity, respectively. CONCLUSION: The abnormal waveform in terminal QRS complex in NSTEMI ,which is described above, is the delayed activation wave of left ventricular basal region which the left circumflex artery supplies. It is associated with a higher specificity and higher sensitivity for culprit LCX in non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction. The delayed activation wave is a new pattern of ischemia in ECG.
Authors:
Tiesheng Niu; Peng Fu; Chenhong Jia; Yaling Dong; Chunyu Liang; Qian Cao; Zhiyong Yang; Rao Fu; Xingang Zhang; Zhaoqing Sun
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-6-8
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1874-1754     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-6-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8200291     Medline TA:  Int J Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
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