Document Detail

A deficient maternal calcium intake during pregnancy increases blood pressure of the offspring in adult rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12066944     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To assess in an animal model the effect of maternal dietary calcium intake during pregnancy on the blood pressure of offspring. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. SAMPLE: Ninety-eight 20-week-old female Wistar-Kyoto rats, giving birth to a total of 119 pups that were included in the follow up study. METHODS: Rats were randomised to a calcium deficient diet, a diet with the recommended calcium levels, or a diet with calcium content much higher than the recommended levels. After one month on the experimental diet they were bred. After birth, systolic blood pressure in the offspring was measured monthly till 52 weeks of age. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Blood pressure of the offspring. RESULTS: The difference in blood pressure of the offspring between the normal and low maternal calcium group increased 0.49 mmHg per month (95% CI 0.18 to 0.84), 0.38 (0.07 to 0.68) between the low and high calcium group, and 0.12 (-0.20 to 0.43) between the normal and high calcium group. At the end of the follow up (52 weeks of age) blood pressure of the offspring in the deficient calcium group was 12.1 mmHg (95% CI 8.8 to 15.4, P < 0.0001) higher than in the normal calcium group and 7.5 mmHg (95% CI 4.4 to 10.5, P < 0.001) higher than the high calcium group. Blood pressure of the offspring in the high calcium group was 4.3 mmHg (95% CI 1.0 to 7.5, P = 0.01) higher than in the normal calcium group. In a multiple regression model maternal calcium intake during pregnancy was the strongest predictor of blood pressure of the offspring during adulthood. CONCLUSIONS: This experiment supports previous studies in humans suggesting a link between calcium intake during pregnancy and blood pressure in the offspring, and provides an animal model to explore the mechanisms involved in such association.
Eduardo Bergel; José M Belizán
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  BJOG : an international journal of obstetrics and gynaecology     Volume:  109     ISSN:  1470-0328     ISO Abbreviation:  BJOG     Publication Date:  2002 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-06-17     Completed Date:  2002-07-15     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100935741     Medline TA:  BJOG     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  540-5     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Latin American Centre for Perinatology, Pan American Health Organization, World Health Organization, Montevideo, Uruguay.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Pressure / physiology
Calcium / deficiency*
Calcium, Dietary / administration & dosage*
Gestational Age
Hypertension / embryology*
Models, Animal
Rats, Inbred WKY
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Calcium, Dietary; 7440-70-2/Calcium

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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