Document Detail


A decremental PEEP trial identifies the PEEP level that maintains oxygenation after lung recruitment.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17005058     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To assess the ability of a decremental trial of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) to identify an optimal PEEP level that maintains oxygenation after a lung-recruitment maneuver. DESIGN: Prospective clinical trial. SETTING: Surgical intensive care unit of a university hospital. PATIENTS: Twenty sedated patients with acute lung injury and/or acute respiratory distress syndrome, ventilated for 1.2 +/- 0.4 d. INTERVENTION: Each patient received up to 3 lung-recruitment maneuvers with continuous positive airway pressure of 40 cm H2O sustained for 40 s to increase the ratio of P(aO2) to F(IO2) by > 20%. Following the lung-recruitment maneuver, PEEP was set at 20 cm H2O and then the F(IO2) was decreased until the oxygen saturation (measured via pulse oximetry [S(pO2)]) was 90-94%. PEEP was then decreased in 2-cm H2O steps until the S(pO2) dropped below 90%. The step preceding the drop to below 90% was considered the optimal PEEP. The lung was then re-recruited and PEEP and F(IO2) were set at the identified levels. The patients were followed for 4 h after the PEEP trial and the setting of PEEP and F(IO2). RESULTS: After the lung-recruitment maneuver, all the patients' P(aO2)/F(IO2) increased > 50%. The mean + SD P(aO2)/F(IO2) on the optimal decremental trial PEEP was 211 + 79 mm Hg, versus 135 + 37 mm Hg at baseline (p < 0.001), and was sustained at that level for the 4-h study period (227 + 81 mm Hg at 4 h). F(IO2) at baseline was 0.54 + 0.12 versus 0.38 + 0.12 (p < 0.001) at 4 h. PEEP was 11.9 + 3.0 cm H2O at baseline and 9.1 + 4.7 cm H2O (p = 0.011) at 4 h. CONCLUSION: A decremental PEEP trial identifies a PEEP setting that sustains for 4 h the oxygenation benefit of a 40-cm H2O, 40-s lung-recruitment maneuver.
Authors:
Karim Girgis; Hala Hamed; Yehia Khater; Robert M Kacmarek
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Respiratory care     Volume:  51     ISSN:  0020-1324     ISO Abbreviation:  Respir Care     Publication Date:  2006 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-09-28     Completed Date:  2007-01-30     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7510357     Medline TA:  Respir Care     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1132-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Surgical Intensive Care Unit, New Kasr El-Aini Teaching Hospital and Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Female
Humans
Lung Injury
Male
Middle Aged
Positive-Pressure Respiration*
Prospective Studies
Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Adult / therapy*
Time Factors

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