Document Detail


A decade of on-road emissions measurements.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18441816     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A multiyear, on-road emission measurement program carried out in the cities of Chicago, Illinois; Denver, Colorado; Los Angeles (LA), California; and Phoenix, Arizona shows large, fuel-specific tailpipe emissions reductions at all of the sites for carbon monoxide (CO), hydrocarbons (HC), and nitric oxide (NO). CO emissions decreased between 56% (Denver) and 71% (Chicago), HC emissions decrease between 27% (Phoenix) and 63% (Denver), and NO emissions have dropped between 48% (West LA) and 68% (Chicago). Three observed factors common to all of the sites are that the emission reductions are occurring in vehicles of all ages, that the influence of engine load on fuel-specific emissions, especially for CO and NO, is reduced and that fleet-averaged emission deterioration is near zero for model years newer than 2001 and older than 1990. These nationwide data sets imply that the majority of these on-road emissions reductions are the result of continued improvements in function and durability of vehicle emission control systems and that inspection and maintenance and fuel reformulation programs have only played a minor role.
Authors:
Gary A Bishop; Donald H Stedman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental science & technology     Volume:  42     ISSN:  0013-936X     ISO Abbreviation:  Environ. Sci. Technol.     Publication Date:  2008 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-04-29     Completed Date:  2008-07-31     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0213155     Medline TA:  Environ Sci Technol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1651-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Denver, Denver, Colorado 80208, USA. gbishop@du.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Air Pollutants / analysis*
Vehicle Emissions / analysis*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Air Pollutants; 0/Vehicle Emissions

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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