Document Detail


The crucifixion of Jesus: review of hypothesized mechanisms of death and implications of shock and trauma-induced coagulopathy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22390994     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The crucifixion of Jesus is arguably the most well-known and controversial execution in history. Christian faithful, dating back to the time of Jesus, have believed that Jesus was executed by crucifixion and later returned physically to life again. Others have questioned whether Jesus actually died by crucifixion, at all. From review of medical literature, physicians have failed to agree on a specific mechanism of Jesus' death. A search of Medline/Pubmed was completed with respect to crucifixion, related topics, and proposed mechanisms of Jesus' death. Several hypotheses for the mechanism of Jesus' death have been presented in medical literature, including 1) Pulmonary embolism 2) Cardiac rupture 3) Suspension trauma 4) Asphyxiation 5) Fatal stab wound, and 6) Shock. Each proposed mechanism of Jesus' death will be reviewed. The events of Jesus' execution are described, as they are pertinent to development of shock. Traumatic shock complicated by trauma-induced coagulopathy is proposed as a contributing factor, and possibly the primary mechanism, of Jesus' death by crucifixion.
Authors:
Joseph W Bergeron
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Biography; Historical Article     Date:  2011-07-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of forensic and legal medicine     Volume:  19     ISSN:  1878-7487     ISO Abbreviation:  J Forensic Leg Med     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-03-06     Completed Date:  2012-10-02     Revised Date:  2013-04-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101300022     Medline TA:  J Forensic Leg Med     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  113-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd and Faculty of Forensic and Legal Medicine. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
The Pain Clinic, 3740 S. 4th St., Terre Haute, IN 47802, USA. joebergeron@juno.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Asphyxia / history
Blood Coagulation Disorders / history*
Capital Punishment / history*
Christianity / history*
Contusions / history
Famous Persons*
Forensic Medicine
Heart Injuries / history
Heart Rupture / history
History, Ancient
Humans
Immobilization
Pulmonary Embolism / history
Shock, Traumatic / history*
Torture / history
Wounds, Stab / history
Personal Name Subject
Personal Name Subject:
Jesus of Nazareth
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
J Forensic Leg Med. 2013 Apr;20(3):180   [PMID:  23472800 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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