Document Detail


A cross-sectional ecological analysis of blood pressure and its determinants in eleven Pacific populations.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2785129     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A cross-sectional interpopulation analysis of blood pressure and its determinants was conducted with the data collected during epidemiologic surveys in 11 Pacific island populations from 1975 to 1981. In each of these populations, the mean arterial blood pressure increased with age; the overall blood pressure levels differed among the populations. The multivariate analyses suggest that dietary factors that result in differences in body mass, plasma cholesterol, and glucose intolerance contribute considerably to interpopulation differences in blood pressure. The impact of these differences in effects of dietary factors on interpopulation blood pressure seemed to be uniform, even though the overall levels of each of these three variables differed significantly among the populations. This study of blood pressure data, accrued from 6224 men and 7029 women aged 20-79 years, supports the hypothesis that dietary factors strongly contribute to high blood pressure as well as to interpopulation differences in the prevalence of hypertension. We propose using these data in planning programs for prevention and control of hypertension in the Pacific countries.
Authors:
J Tuomilehto; P Zimmet; R Taylor; P Bennett; J Kankaanpää; E Wolf
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American College of Nutrition     Volume:  8     ISSN:  0731-5724     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Coll Nutr     Publication Date:  1989 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-06-01     Completed Date:  1989-06-01     Revised Date:  2008-06-23    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8215879     Medline TA:  J Am Coll Nutr     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  151-65     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Epidemiology, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Aging / physiology
Blood Pressure*
Cholesterol / blood
Cross-Sectional Studies
Epidemiologic Methods
Female
Humans
Hypertension / epidemiology
Male
Middle Aged
Pacific Islands
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R01AM25446/AM/NIADDK NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
57-88-5/Cholesterol

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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