Document Detail

The cost of vocal fold paralysis after thyroidectomy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23703383     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To determine the added cost of care and analyze risk factors in patients who suffered vocal fold paralysis (VFP) after thyroid surgery.
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study.
METHODS: Seventy-six patients who developed unilateral or bilateral VFP after thyroidectomy from 2005 through 2009, and a control group of 238 patients who underwent the same surgery without developing VFP, were compared on hospital charges, hospital and intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay (LOS), unplanned intubation, tracheotomies, respiratory failure, readmission, death, pathology, body mass index (BMI), gland weight, swallowing studies, and need for indwelling feeding tube. Differences between outcomes for unilateral VFP patients versus bilateral VFP patients were analyzed. Rate of recovery of VFP and need for further surgery after thyroidectomy were described.
RESULTS: Patients who developed VFP after thyroidectomy had significantly greater rates of all the parameters listed above. BMI, gland weight, and pathology (malignant vs. benign) were not significantly different between the two groups. VFP group underwent additional surgeries after thyroidectomy related to the VFP. Thirty-three% of unilateral VFP patients with long-term follow-up recovered fully. Patients with bilateral VFP with long-term follow-up, had recovery of one vocal fold in 50% and both in 23% of cases.
CONCLUSIONS: Patients with unilateral or bilateral VFP after thyroidectomy experience significantly more morbidity and incurred significantly more health care charges after surgery than similar patients who do not have VFP after thyroidectomy. The likelihood of VFP was not related to malignancy, BMI, or thyroid gland weight in this series.
Glendon Michael Gardner; Matthew Michael Smith; Kathleen Lynn Yaremchuk; Ed Lawrence Peterson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Laryngoscope     Volume:  123     ISSN:  1531-4995     ISO Abbreviation:  Laryngoscope     Publication Date:  2013 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-05-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8607378     Medline TA:  Laryngoscope     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1455-63     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 The American Laryngological, Rhinological, and Otological Society, Inc.
Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, Michigan.
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