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The coronal plane high tibial osteotomy. Part 1: a clinical and radiographic analysis of intermediate term outcomes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18751785     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
The coronal plane high tibial osteotomy is a novel technique that is used to treat tibiofemoral malalignment. The authors hypothesize that the coronal plane high tibial osteotomy is (1) efficacious in treating both varus and valgus tibiofemoral malalignment; (2) does not alter the slope of the proximal tibia; and (3) does not alter the relationship between the patella and tibial tubercle. A retrospective review of 25 patients with tibiofemoral malalignment (19 varus/6 valgus) treated with a coronal plane osteotomy with a minimum of 2-year follow-up was performed. A Kaplan-Meyer survival curve was performed using knee arthroplasty and a Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) knee score <70 as failure criteria. The Insall-Salvati ratio and the proximal tibial slope were measured. A p value of 0.05 was considered significant. At 60-month follow-up, knees with initial varus malalignment had an 84% survival rate using both knee arthroplasty and the HSS score as endpoints. Knees with initial valgus malalignment had an 84 and 60% survival rate using knee arthroplasty and the HSS score as endpoints, respectively. There was no statistically significant change in the Insall-Salvati ratio and proximal tibial slope after coronal plane osteotomy. The coronal plane osteotomy is efficacious in treating varus and valgus tibiofemoral malalignment and does not alter the patellar-tibial tubercle relationship or the posterior tibial slope [case series (level of evidence: IV)].
Keith M Baumgarten; Stephen Fealy; Stephen Lyman; Thomas L Wickiewicz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  HSS journal : the musculoskeletal journal of Hospital for Special Surgery     Volume:  3     ISSN:  1556-3316     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2007 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-08-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101273938     Medline TA:  HSS J     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  147-54     Citation Subset:  -    
Sports Medicine and Shoulder Surgery Section, The Orthopedic Institute, 810 E 23rd Street, Sioux Falls, SD, 57108, USA,
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