Document Detail

The convergent evolution of defensive polyacetylenic fatty acid biosynthesis genes in soldier beetles.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23093187     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
The defensive and bioactive polyacetylenic fatty acid, 8Z-dihydromatricaria acid, is sequestered within a wide range of organisms, including plants, fungi and soldier beetles. The 8Z-dihydromatricaria acid is concentrated in the defence and accessory glands of soldier beetles to repel avian predators and protect eggs. In eukaryotes, acetylenic modifications of fatty acids are catalysed by acetylenases, which are desaturase-like enzymes that act on existing double bonds. Here we obtained acyl Coenzyme A-linked desaturases from soldier beetle RNA and functionally expressed them in yeast. We show that three genes were sufficient for the conversion of a common monounsaturated fatty acid, oleic acid, to the 18 carbon precursor of 8Z-dihydromatricaria acid, that is, 9Z,16Z-octadecadiene-12,14-diynoic acid. These are the first eukaryotic genes reported to produce conjugated polyacetylenic fatty acids. Phylogenetic analysis shows that the genes responsible for 8Z-dihydromatricaria acid synthesis in soldier beetles evolved de novo and independently of the acetylenases of plants and fungi.
Victoria S Haritos; Irene Horne; Katherine Damcevski; Karen Glover; Nerida Gibb; Shoko Okada; Mats Hamberg
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nature communications     Volume:  3     ISSN:  2041-1723     ISO Abbreviation:  Nat Commun     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101528555     Medline TA:  Nat Commun     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1150     Citation Subset:  IM    
CSIRO Ecosystem Sciences, GPO Box 1700, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 2601, Australia.
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