Document Detail


The contribution of psychosocial and home environmental factors in explaining eating behaviours in adolescents.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17299461     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed at investigating the influence of food availability, rules and television viewing habits on eating behaviours in adolescents. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Four randomly selected middle schools. SUBJECTS: A sample of 534 seventh and eighth graders. INTERVENTIONS: Validated questionnaires were used to measure the family environment and fat, soft drink and fruit consumption. Hierarchical regression analyses on fat, soft drink and fruit consumption, with demographic and psychosocial variables entered as the first and environmental factors as the second block were conducted in boys and girls. RESULTS: Boys with more unhealthy products available at home consumed more fat (P< or =0.001, 95% CI: 8.2-29.4) and more soft drinks (P< or =0.01, 95% CI: 0.2-1.4). Boys who reported better television viewing habits ate more fruit (P< or =0.001, 95% CI: -1.7 to -0.5). Girls who reported better television viewing habits consumed less fat (P< or =0.01, 95% CI: 1.4-9.0) and more fruit (P< or =0.05, 95% CI: -1.0 to -0.1). Girls who reported higher availability of healthy products at home (P< or =0.05, 95% CI: 0.3-3.1) and more food rules (P< or =0.001, 95% CI: -1.8 to -0.5), consumed more fruit. Environmental factors were poor predictors of soft drink consumption among girls. CONCLUSION: Availability of (un)healthy food products, family food rules and TV viewing habits were related to one or more eating behaviours in boys or girls. Although home environmental factors can play an important role in influencing adolescents' eating behaviours, these factors were generally less predictive than demographic and psychosocial variables.
Authors:
L Haerens; M Craeynest; B Deforche; L Maes; G Cardon; I De Bourdeaudhuij
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2007-02-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  62     ISSN:  0954-3007     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Clin Nutr     Publication Date:  2008 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-01-09     Completed Date:  2008-03-24     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804070     Medline TA:  Eur J Clin Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  51-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Movement and Sports Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium. Leen.Haerens@UGent.be
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adolescent Behavior*
Adolescent Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Adolescent Psychology
Carbonated Beverages / statistics & numerical data*
Child
Cross-Sectional Studies
Diet Surveys
Dietary Fats / administration & dosage*
Feeding Behavior
Female
Food Habits / psychology*
Food Supply
Fruit*
Health Behavior
Humans
Male
Parent-Child Relations
Parents / psychology
Questionnaires
Socioeconomic Factors
Television*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Fats

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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