Document Detail

The contract research organization and the commercialization of scientific research.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16304738     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The early 1980s constituted a watershed in science, mainly concerning the extent and nature of globalization and commercialization of scientific research, and its impact upon the university. Considerable debate has arisen about the sources of this transition, but aside from a few lone voices, the scholarly literature has neglected the concurrent rise of the contract research organization (CRO) and its role int he commercialization of scientific research. The CRO warrants wider attention as a modern paradigm of privatized science in the biopharmaceutical sector. In discussing the CRO's technologies, the purposes they pursue, and the legal and policy initiatives that have fostered their rapid rise, we confront the wider implications of the modern regime of commercialized science for the future conduct of scientific research. We identify five areas of innovation: treatment of human subjects, control of disclosure, subjection of research tools to commercialization, redefinition of authorship, and re-engineering the goals of research.
Philip Mirowski; Robert Van Horn
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Social studies of science     Volume:  35     ISSN:  0306-3127     ISO Abbreviation:  Soc Stud Sci     Publication Date:  2005 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-11-23     Completed Date:  2007-02-13     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7506743     Medline TA:  Soc Stud Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  503-48     Citation Subset:  QIS    
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MeSH Terms
Biomedical Research* / trends
Contract Services*
Drug Industry* / trends
United States

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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