Document Detail

A contextual interference account of distinctiveness effects in recognition.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17063906     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In this article, we report on two experiments that aimed to shed light on the memorability effect that derives from varying the uniqueness of contextual cues presented at encoding and retrieval. We sought to understand the locus of the recognition advantage for studying and testing words with nominally irrelevant features that are rarely shared with other words ("low-fan" features) as compared with features that are studied with more words ("high-fan" features). Each word was studied with one high-fan feature and one low-fan feature, but only one of the two features was reinstated at test. Recognition judgments were more accurate when the low-fan feature was reinstated than when the high-fan feature was reinstated. The data suggest that encoding cues that suffer from contextual interference negatively affect retrieval and do so by hindering recollection-based processing.
Heekyeong Park; Jason Arndt; Lynne M Reder
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Memory & cognition     Volume:  34     ISSN:  0090-502X     ISO Abbreviation:  Mem Cognit     Publication Date:  2006 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-10-26     Completed Date:  2006-11-30     Revised Date:  2014-09-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0357443     Medline TA:  Mem Cognit     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  743-51     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Mental Recall
Recognition (Psychology)*
Grant Support
2-R01-MH52808/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; R01 MH052808/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; R01 MH052808-10/MH/NIMH NIH HHS

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