Document Detail


The contextual effects of neighbourhood access to supermarkets and convenience stores on individual fruit and vegetable consumption.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18272733     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: It is often suggested that neighbourhood access to food retailers affects the dietary patterns of local residents, but this hypothesis has not been adequately researched. We examine the association between neighbourhood accessibility to supermarkets and convenience stores and individuals' consumption of fruit and vegetables in New Zealand. METHODS: Using geographical information systems, travel times from the population-weighted centroid of each neighbourhood to the closest supermarket and convenience store were calculated for 38,350 neighbourhoods. These neighbourhood measures of accessibility were appended to the 2002-3 New Zealand Health Survey of 12,529 adults. RESULTS: The consumption of the recommended daily intake of fruit was not associated with living in a neighbourhood with better access to supermarkets or convenience stores. Similarly, access to supermarkets was not related to vegetable intake. However, individuals in the quartile of neighbourhoods with the best access to convenience stores had 25% (OR 0.75, 95% CI 0.60% to 0.93%) lower odds of eating the recommended vegetable intake compared to individuals in the base category (worst access). CONCLUSION: This study found little evidence that poor locational access to food retail provision is associated with lower fruit and vegetable consumption. However, before rejecting the common sense notion that neighbourhood access to fruit and vegetables affects personal consumption, research that measures fruit and vegetable access more precisely and directly is required.
Authors:
J Pearce; R Hiscock; T Blakely; K Witten
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of epidemiology and community health     Volume:  62     ISSN:  1470-2738     ISO Abbreviation:  J Epidemiol Community Health     Publication Date:  2008 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-02-14     Completed Date:  2008-05-13     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7909766     Medline TA:  J Epidemiol Community Health     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  198-201     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
GeoHealth Laboratory, Department of Geography, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch 8020, New Zealand. jamie.pearce@canterbury.ac.nz
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Commerce / statistics & numerical data
Female
Food Habits*
Food Supply / statistics & numerical data*
Fruit*
Health Behavior
Health Surveys
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
New Zealand
Residence Characteristics*
Vegetables*

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