Document Detail


A constraint on the discrimination of speech by young infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1843526     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Three- and four-month-old infants were tested on their ability to discriminate the third-formant transitions sufficient to signal the syllable-medial stops [t] and [k]. The stimulus patterns consisted of an initial fricative [s], 20 or 100 msec of silence, and the vowel [a], whose initial formant transitions were appropriate for [t] or [k]. Discrimination only occurred when the duration of silence was 100 msec. This constraint on discrimination is discussed in terms of a psychoacoustic explanation based on forward masking and in terms of the hypothesis that the processing of speech signals involves a species-specific system dedicated to deriving a phonetic message.
Authors:
P D Eimas; J L Miller
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Language and speech     Volume:  34 ( Pt 3)     ISSN:  0023-8309     ISO Abbreviation:  Lang Speech     Publication Date:    1991 Jul-Sep
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-03-02     Completed Date:  1993-03-02     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985214R     Medline TA:  Lang Speech     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  251-63     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Cognitive and Linguistic Sciences, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acoustic Stimulation
Auditory Perception
Female
Humans
Infant
Male
Phonetics*
Speech
Speech Acoustics
Speech Perception*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
DC 00130/DC/NIDCD NIH HHS; HD 05331/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; RR 07143/RR/NCRR NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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