Document Detail

A conflict between nutritionally adequate diets and meeting the 2010 dietary guidelines for sodium.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22261214     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Compliance with dietary guidelines means incorporating multiple foods and nutrients into everyday diets, to be consumed in smaller or larger amounts. Feasibility studies can help determine whether one nutrient guideline comes into conflict with another. For one half of the U.S. population, the 2010 dietary guidelines for sodium were set at 1500 mg/d.
PURPOSE: To test the compatibility of the 1500 mg/day sodium goal with nutrient-adequate diets.
METHODS: Analyses, conducted in 2010, used U.S. federal nutrient composition and dietary intake databases to create modeled food patterns for six gender-age groups using linear programming techniques. The food patterns were designed to meet nutritional standards for 27 nutrients as the mean sodium content was progressively reduced from levels observed in the 2001-2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) down to 1500 mg/day.
RESULTS: For adults aged <50 years, the 2300 mg/day sodium goal was consistent with nutrient-adequate diets but required large deviations from current eating patterns. The 1500 mg/day goal was not feasible and no mathematical solution was obtained. The lowest-sodium food patterns that were nutrient-adequate and theoretically achievable were very high in fruit juices, nuts, and seeds but were low in grains and meats.
CONCLUSIONS: Compliance with the 2010 sodium guidelines will require large deviations from current eating behaviors and/or a profound modification of the U.S. food supply.
Matthieu Maillot; Adam Drewnowski
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of preventive medicine     Volume:  42     ISSN:  1873-2607     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Prev Med     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-01-20     Completed Date:  2012-05-14     Revised Date:  2013-06-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8704773     Medline TA:  Am J Prev Med     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  174-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 American Journal of Preventive Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Nutritional Sciences Program, School of Public Health, University of Washington, Seattle, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Guidelines as Topic
Middle Aged
Nutrition Surveys
Nutritional Requirements*
Sex Factors
Sodium, Dietary / standards*
Young Adult
Grant Support
R01 DK 077068/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; R01 DK076608-03/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; R21 DK085406/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; R21 DK085406-01/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Sodium, Dietary

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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