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Is computerized tomography angiographic surveillance valuable for prevention of tracheoinnominate artery fistula, a life-threatening complication after tracheostomy?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21519499     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility of volume-rendered helical computerized tomography (CT) angiography focusing tracheostomy tube and innominate artery for prevention of tracheoinnominate artery fistula.
METHODS: The authors retrospectively analyzed 22 patients with tracheostomy who had checked CT angiography. To evaluate the relationship between tracheostomy tube and innominate artery, we divided into three categories. First, proximal tube position based on cervical vertebra, named "tracheostomy tube departure level (TTDL)". Second, distal tube position and course of innominate artery, named "tracheostomy tube-innominate artery configuration (TTIC)". Third, the gap between the tube and innominate artery, named "tracheostomy tube to innominate artery gap (TTIG)". The TTDL/TTIC and TTIG are based on 3-dimensional (3D) reconstruction around tracheostomy and enhanced axial slices of upper chest, respectively.
RESULTS: First, mean TTDL was 6.8±0.6. Five cases (23%) were lower than C7 vertebra. Second, TTIC were remote to innominate artery (2 cases; 9.1%), matched with it (14 cases; 63.6%) or crossed it (6 cases; 27.3%). Only 9% of cases were definitely free from innominate artery injury. Third, average TTIG was 4.3±4.6 mm. Surprisingly, in 6 cases (27.3%), innominate artery, trachea wall and tracheostomy tube were tightly attached all together, thus have much higher probability of erosion.
CONCLUSION: If low TTDL, match or crossing type TTIC with reverse-L shaped innominate artery, small trachea and thin TTIG are accompanied all together, we may seriously consider early plugging and tube removal.
Jae Hoon Sung; Il Sup Kim; Seung Ho Yang; Jae Taek Hong; Byung Chul Son; Sang Won Lee
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2011-02-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society     Volume:  49     ISSN:  1598-7876     ISO Abbreviation:  J Korean Neurosurg Soc     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-04-26     Completed Date:  2011-07-14     Revised Date:  2013-05-29    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101467054     Medline TA:  J Korean Neurosurg Soc     Country:  Korea (South)    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  107-11     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Neurosurgery, St. Vincent's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Suwon, Korea.
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