Document Detail


A computerized smoking cessation intervention for high school smokers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18361082     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study evaluated a computerized intervention designed to assist high school-aged smokers to consider not smoking and move forward in the "Stages of Change." A pretest-posttest pilot was conducted with 121 high school students who completed self-reported questionnaires that provided information about smoking history and exposure, smoking dependence, stage of change, and social support. Following baseline assessment, the experimental group (n = 61) completed four, 30-minute computerized sessions known as the Computerized Adolescent Smoking Cessation Program (CASCP). Immediately following completion of the program and 1 month later, the experimental subjects were reassessed. Control subjects completed baseline assessment and were reassessed 4 to 5 weeks later. CASCP increased the number of quit attempts. At 1 month after the intervention, 20% of the experimental group quit smoking. Of those subjects who did not quit smoking, nicotine dependence and the number of cigarettes smoked daily decreased, which decreased their nicotine dependence. Overall, there was a forward movement in the experimental group's stage of change. CASCP was found to be an effective and inexpensive intervention that motivates adolescent smokers to consider smoking cessation, move forward in the stage of change, and decrease nicotine dependence.
Authors:
Deborah J Fritz; Sally B Hardin; Paul A Gore; Douglas Bram
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric nursing     Volume:  34     ISSN:  0097-9805     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr Nurs     Publication Date:    2008 Jan-Feb
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-03-25     Completed Date:  2008-05-02     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7505804     Medline TA:  Pediatr Nurs     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  13-7     Citation Subset:  N    
Affiliation:
VA Medical Center, St. Louis, MO, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adaptation, Psychological
Adolescent
Adolescent Behavior / psychology
Adolescent Psychology
Analysis of Variance
Attitude to Health
Computer-Assisted Instruction / methods*
Female
Humans
Linear Models
Male
Midwestern United States
Motivation
Nursing Evaluation Research
Patient Education as Topic / organization & administration*
Pilot Projects
Program Evaluation
Questionnaires
School Health Services / organization & administration*
Self Efficacy
Smoking Cessation* / methods,  psychology,  statistics & numerical data
Social Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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