Document Detail


A computed tomography scoring system to assess pulmonary disease among premature infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21308155     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: High-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) is considered to be the best method for detailed pulmonary evaluation. The aim here was to describe a scoring system based on abnormalities identified on HRCT among premature infants, and measure the predictive validity of the score in relation to respiratory morbidity during the first year of life.
DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective cohort study in Instituto Fernandes Figueira, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz.
METHODS: Scoring system based on HRCT abnormalities among premature newborns. The affected lung area was quantified according to the number of compromised lobes, in addition to bilateral pulmonary involvement. Two radiologists applied the score to 86 HRCT scans. Intraobserver and interobserver agreement were analyzed. The score properties were calculated in relation to predictions of respiratory morbidity during the first year of life.
RESULTS: Most of the patients (85%) presented abnormalities on HRCT, and among these, 56.2% presented respiratory morbidity during the first year of life. Scores ranged from zero to 12. There was good agreement between observers (intraclass correlation coefficient, ICC = 0.86, confidence interval, CI: 0.64-0.83). The predictive scores were as follows: positive predictive value 81.8%, negative predictive value 56.3%, sensitivity 39.1%, and specificity 90.0%.
CONCLUSION: The scoring system is reproducible, easy to apply and allows HRCT comparisons among premature infants, by identifying patients with greater likelihood of respiratory morbidity during the first year of life. Its use will enable HRCT comparisons among premature infants with different risk factors for respiratory morbidity.
Authors:
Márcia Cristina Bastos Boechat; Rosane Reis de Mello; Kátia Silveira da Silva; Pedro Daltro; Edson Marchiori; Eloane Guimarães Ramos; Maria Virgínia Peixoto Dutra
Related Documents :
16199715 - Mild hypothermia and the distribution of cerebral lesions in neonates with hypoxic-isch...
9544915 - Spastic diplegia as a complication of interferon alfa-2a treatment of hemangiomas of in...
645655 - Gray scale ultrasonography in the evaluation of hydrocephalus and associated abnormalit...
8311995 - Experimental models of perinatal hypoxic-ischemic brain damage.
8452125 - Age and season of birth in sudden infant death syndrome in north carolina, 1982-1987: n...
7688175 - Fundic argyrophil cell hyperplasia in atrophic gastritis: a search for a sensitive diag...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  São Paulo medical journal = Revista paulista de medicina     Volume:  128     ISSN:  1806-9460     ISO Abbreviation:  Sao Paulo Med J     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-02-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100897261     Medline TA:  Sao Paulo Med J     Country:  Brazil    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  328-35     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
IFF, Fiocruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Evaluation of calcium and folic acid supplementation in prenatal care in São Paulo.
Next Document:  Pectoralis major myocutaneous flaps for head and neck reconstruction: factors influencing occurrence...