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A computational investigation of ring-shift isomerization of sym-octahydrophenanthrene to sym-octahydroanthracene catalyzed by acidic zeolites.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23015038     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The ring-shift isomerization of sym-octahydrophenanthrene (sym-OHP) to sym-octahydroanthracene (sym-OHA) catalyzed by acidic zeolites (Mordenite (MOR) and Faujasite (FAU)) was investigated by the ONIOM(DFT:UFF) and DFT approaches. A "five-membered ring" mechanism through carbocation rearrangement via 1-2 migration was proved to be kinetically favored over a "six-membered ring" mechanism through Friedel-Crafts reactions. Computational studies based on the "five-membered ring" mechanism demonstrate that a decreasing Brønsted acid site strength from Al-H-MOR to Ga-H-MOR to B-H-MOR reduces the catalytic activity. The catalyst acid site strength would thereby impact the yield of sym-OHA. The isomerization barrier increases when using an Al-H-FAU catalyst that has a similar Brønsted acid site strength as Al-H-MOR but considerably bigger cages, indicating that apart from the desired density and strength of acid sites, optimal zeolite catalysts should have a pore size that better fits the intermediates and transition states. DFT calculations on Gibbs free energy were performed to evaluate the equilibrium ratios of sym-OHA to sym-OHP at specific reaction temperatures from 175 to 325 °C. The results indicate that reaction temperature has a moderate impact on the equilibrium yield of sym-OHA, whose formation is relatively favorable at a lower temperature under experimental conditions.
Xiaowa Nie; Michael J Janik; Xinwen Guo; Chunshan Song
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-9-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Physical chemistry chemical physics : PCCP     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1463-9084     ISO Abbreviation:  Phys Chem Chem Phys     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-9-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100888160     Medline TA:  Phys Chem Chem Phys     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
State Key Laboratory of Fine Chemicals, PSU-DUT Joint Center for Energy Research, School of Chemical Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, 116012, China.
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