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A comprehensive analysis of early outcomes and complication rates after 769 craniotomies in pediatric patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23274639     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: Perioperative complications following craniotomy in pediatric neurosurgery have received little attention. We analyzed perioperative complications and early outcomes following craniotomy in a large cohort of pediatric patients. METHODS: A retrospective chart review identified 769 operations (27 % epilepsy surgery, 26 % trauma, 21 % tumor, 7 % vascular, 4 % infections, 14 % other, and 88 % supratentorial) in 641 patients <16 years (mean age 8.5 years). We recorded all perioperative complications and functional outcomes 30 days after surgery. RESULTS: Excluding epilepsy surgery cases, 17.5 % patients had emergency surgery. There were 38 new major neurological deficits (5.0 %; excluding deficits incurred as part of the surgical strategy). New neurological deficits occurred more frequently following operations for brain tumors, when compared to other surgeries (P < 0.001), and after surgery for infratentorial lesions (P < 0.001). Local complications occurred in 3.9 %, systemic complications in 2.5 % of patients. Ventricular shunting or endoscopic ventriculostomy was necessary in 87 patients (11.3 %). Surgical mortality was 2.0 % (including moribund patients after trauma or vascular incidence). Preoperative Karnofsky Performance Index (KPI) and the incurrence of new neurological deficits proved the most powerful predictors of functional outcome. Emergency surgery or repeat craniotomies were not correlated with increased rates of local complications. CONCLUSIONS: Craniotomies for pediatric patients carry a low morbidity and mortality. Systemic complications seem to occur less often in the pediatric than in the adult population. Good surgical outcomes require a proper balance between local pediatric neurosurgical care for emergency cases and centralized treatment of more difficult cases.
Authors:
M von Lehe; H-J Kim; J Schramm; M Simon
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  Child's nervous system : ChNS : official journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1433-0350     ISO Abbreviation:  Childs Nerv Syst     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-31     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8503227     Medline TA:  Childs Nerv Syst     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospital Bonn, Sigmund-Freud-Str 25, 53105, Bonn, Germany, Marec.von_Lehe@ukb.uni-bonn.de.
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