Document Detail


The complementary role of magnetic resonance imaging, Doppler echocardiography, and computed tomography in the diagnosis of dissecting thoracic aneurysms.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3706115     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Non-ECG gated MRI was compared with 2DE and/or CT scans in 10 patients with dissecting aneurysms proven by angiography and/or surgery. Patient ages ranged from 48 to 85 years (mean 69.6). Six had DeBakey type I dissections and four had DeBakey type III dissections. MRI was diagnostic for aortic dissection in nine cases and suggestive in the tenth. 2DE was diagnostic in six out of nine patients, suggestive in two patients, and nondiagnostic in one patient. CT was diagnostic in the three cases in which it was employed. MRI demonstrated a dilated ascending aorta with thickened walls in all type I dissections as well as an intimal flap and slow flow in the false channel in four patients. In the other two patients with type I dissection, MRI detected the intimal flap in the descending aorta but not in the ascending aorta, whereas 2DE revealed the ascending aortic intimal flap in both of these patients and CT showed it in one of them. In the type III dissections, MRI demonstrated a thickened wall and thrombus in the lumen in all four cases, and the intimal flap in three out of the four. 2DE excluded ascending aortic involvement in all three type III dissections. Six other patients with fusiform dilated ascending aortas had no evidence of dissection by MRI, 2DE, and aortography. Thus, non-ECG gated MRI alone or in combination with 2DE and/or CT is useful in the diagnosis of dissecting thoracic aneurysm and in assessing the extent of the dissection. In addition, the differentiation of dissecting aneurysms of the aorta from fusiform dilatation of the aorta is made possible by these noninvasive techniques.
Authors:
A P Goldman; M N Kotler; M H Scanlon; B Ostrum; R Parameswaran; W R Parry
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American heart journal     Volume:  111     ISSN:  0002-8703     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. Heart J.     Publication Date:  1986 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1986-06-02     Completed Date:  1986-06-02     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370465     Medline TA:  Am Heart J     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  970-81     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Aneurysm, Dissecting / diagnosis*
Angiography
Aorta, Thoracic
Aortic Aneurysm / diagnosis*
Aortography
Echocardiography*
Female
Humans
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy / diagnostic use*
Male
Middle Aged
Tomography, X-Ray Computed*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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