Document Detail

A compilation and development of spatial and temporal profiles of high-resolution emissions inventory over Thailand.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19645269     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Thailand, located in Southeast Asia, has both anthropogenic and natural emission sources. It is important to develop an emission information system to provide fundamental data to support emission control strategies and air quality studies. In this research, emissions were compiled for the year 2005. Emission sources cover key anthropogenic and natural emission sources. The methodology to calculate emissions is based on the bottom-up approach using local specific data. For gaseous species, annual emission estimation is found as follows: 9465.9 Gg of carbon monoxide, 2583.1 Gg of nonmethane volatile organic compounds, 886.0 Gg of sulfur dioxide, 790.3 Gg of oxides of nitrogen, and 439.2 Gg of ammonia. For aerosol species, annual emission estimations are 1277.4 Gg of particulate matter smaller than or equal to 10 p.m in aerodynamic diameter, 325.5 Gg of organic carbon, and 136.4 Gg of black carbon. The intercomparison with literature shows an acceptable agreement of annual estimation. Emissions are projected until the year 2027 based on a Business-as-Usual scenario from governmental trends. Spatial allocations with 1- by 1-km resolution and temporal (i.e., monthly, weekly, and diurnal) allocation profiles are also developed to investigate the variation of emissions.
Chatchawan Vongmahadlek; Thi Bich Thao Pham; Boonsong Satayopas; Narisara Thongboonchoo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association (1995)     Volume:  59     ISSN:  1096-2247     ISO Abbreviation:  J Air Waste Manag Assoc     Publication Date:  2009 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-08-03     Completed Date:  2009-09-03     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9503111     Medline TA:  J Air Waste Manag Assoc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  845-56     Citation Subset:  IM    
Joint Graduate School of Energy and Environment, King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi, Bangkok, Thailand.
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MeSH Terms
Aerosols / analysis
Air Pollutants / analysis*
Carbon Monoxide / analysis
Environmental Monitoring*
Models, Theoretical
Nitrates / analysis
Sulfur Dioxide / analysis
Volatile Organic Compounds / analysis
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Aerosols; 0/Air Pollutants; 0/Nitrates; 0/Volatile Organic Compounds; 630-08-0/Carbon Monoxide; 7446-09-5/Sulfur Dioxide

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