Document Detail


A compartment model of alveolar-capillary oxygen diffusion with ventilation-perfusion gradient and dynamics of air transport through the respiratory tract.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24950449     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This paper presents a model of alveolar-capillary oxygen diffusion with dynamics of air transport through the respiratory tract. For this purpose electrical model representing the respiratory tract mechanics and differential equations representing oxygen membrane diffusion are combined. Relevant thermodynamic relations describing the mass of oxygen transported into the human body are proposed as the connection between these models, as well as the influence of ventilation-perfusion mismatch on the oxygen diffusion. The model is verified based on simulation results of varying exercise intensities and statistical calculations of the results obtained during various clinical trials. The benefit of the approach proposed is its application in simulation-based research aimed to generate quantitative data of normal and pathological conditions. Based on the model presented, taking into account many essential physiological processes and air transport dynamics, comprehensive and combined studies of the respiratory efficiency can be performed. The impact of physical exercise, precise changes in respiratory tract mechanics and alterations in breathing pattern can be analyzed together with the impact of various changes in alveolar-capillary oxygen diffusion. This may be useful in simulation of effects of many severe medical conditions and increased activity level.
Authors:
Jacek Jaworski; Grzegorz Redlarski
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-5-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Computers in biology and medicine     Volume:  51C     ISSN:  1879-0534     ISO Abbreviation:  Comput. Biol. Med.     Publication Date:  2014 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-6-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1250250     Medline TA:  Comput Biol Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  159-170     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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