Document Detail

A comparison of young children's understanding of contradictory representations in pretense, memory, and belief.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8625733     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The present study examined the nature of young children's understanding of various mental representations. 3- and 4-year-olds were presented with story protagonists who held mental representations (beliefs, pretenses, and memories) that contradicted reality. Subjects chose 1 of 2 alternate "thought pictures" (depicting either the mental representation or reality) that reflected the mental state. While 4-year-olds performed relatively well on all scenario types, 3-year-olds chose the correct thought picture significantly more often for pretense and memory scenarios than for false belief scenarios. These results suggest that young children conceptualize pretense as involving mental representations, and that they have more difficulty understanding contradictory mental representations that purport to correspond to reality.
W L Custer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Child development     Volume:  67     ISSN:  0009-3920     ISO Abbreviation:  Child Dev     Publication Date:  1996 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-06-21     Completed Date:  1996-06-21     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372725     Medline TA:  Child Dev     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  678-88     Citation Subset:  IM    
University of Florida, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Analysis of Variance
Child Development*
Child Psychology*
Child, Preschool
Statistics, Nonparametric
Grant Support

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