Document Detail

A comparison of risk factors for wheeze and recurrent cough in preschool children.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16014783     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In a study of 2,978 Danish children aged 5 years from two suburban counties of Copenhagen, carried out in 1998, the authors compared risk factor profiles for wheeze and recurrent cough without wheeze by using polytomous logistic regression to clarify whether the two conditions are likely to have the same etiology. Data were obtained 1) by a mailed parental questionnaire (International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood questions and supplementary questions on cough, sociodemography, perinatal factors, and environmental exposure); 2) through general practitioners (familial allergic disease); and 3) from the National Medical Birth Register (birth weight). Wheeze (WH) was defined as more than one episode of wheeze within the last 12 months (irrespective of cough status) and recurrent cough without WH (RC) as cough occurring outside colds and usually lasting for periods of more than 1 week in children with no more than one attack of wheeze within the last 12 months. Risk factors for comparison were selected as those that, after repeated stepwise logistic regression, remained significant for children with WH or RC. Significant differences were found for gender (p = 0.003), gestational age (p = 0.0002), maternal history of asthma (p = 0.0008), and standard of housing condition (p = 0.04)-all risk factors for WH but not RC. Results may suggest that the two conditions have different etiologies.
Christian Hermann; Tine Westergaard; Bo V Pedersen; Jan Wohlfahrt; Arne Høst; Mads Melbye
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2005-07-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of epidemiology     Volume:  162     ISSN:  0002-9262     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Epidemiol.     Publication Date:  2005 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-08-03     Completed Date:  2005-08-30     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7910653     Medline TA:  Am J Epidemiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  345-50     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Epidemiology Research, Danish Epidemiology Science Center, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark.
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MeSH Terms
Child, Preschool
Cough / etiology*
Denmark / epidemiology
Health Surveys
Logistic Models
Respiratory Sounds / etiology*
Risk Factors
Smoking / adverse effects

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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