Document Detail


A comparison of the response to arm and leg work in patients with ischemic heart disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  878986     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
An exercise test based on arm work was evaluated in a series of 33 male patients, mean age 52 years, with ischemic heart disease. The responses to arm exercise on a modified table-mounted bicycle ergometer and to standard bicycle exercise were compared. Twenty six of 33 patients (79 per cent) had identical end-points with both tests. Three patients had an ischemic response, i.e., significant ST abnormality and/or angina pectoris during leg work only, and four patients during arm work only. 41 per cent of the peakload during leg exercise. Mean values were 181 and 439 kpm./min. (p less than 0.001). Comparison of individual data on peak load demonstrated only a weak correlation between arm and leg work capacity (r = 0.37, p less than 0.05). Peak heart rate was slightly higher during leg work, 129 compared to 122 beats/min. (p less than 0.05) but the mean heart rate-systolic blood pressure products were not significantly different. A subgroup of seven patients had a history of angina pectoris preferentially precipitated by arm work but their physiological responses did not differ significantly from those of patients without a history of arm work sensitivity. The data indicate that arm work is a satisfactory alternate diagnostic test method with respect to myocardial ischemia, but measurements of physical work capacity defined as aerobic capacity, cannot be based on arm work.
Authors:
J Schwade; C G Blomqvist; W Shapiro
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American heart journal     Volume:  94     ISSN:  0002-8703     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. Heart J.     Publication Date:  1977 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1977-08-25     Completed Date:  1977-08-25     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370465     Medline TA:  Am Heart J     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  203-8     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM; S    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Angina Pectoris / etiology
Arm
Blood Pressure
Coronary Disease / diagnosis*,  physiopathology
Electrocardiography
Exercise Test
Fatigue
Heart / physiopathology*
Heart Rate
Hemodynamics*
Humans
Leg
Male
Middle Aged
Physical Exertion*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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