Document Detail


A comparison of pulmonary oxygen uptake kinetics in middle- and long-distance runners.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16729386     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The purpose of this study was two-fold: 1) to compare the on- and off-transient pulmonary oxygen uptake (VO2) kinetics, in the moderate-intensity domain, of middle-distance (MD) and long-distance (LD) runners and 2) to determine the relationship between the volume of training and VO2 kinetics. With institutional ethics approval, 16 competitive male MD (800/1500 m) and 16 competitive male LD runners (5000/10 000 m) participated in the study. Each runner completed a series of tests to assess maximal VO2 (VO2max), ventilatory threshold (V(T)), and both the on- and off-transient primary time constants (tauon and tauoff, respectively) in response to moderate-intensity treadmill exercise. The results showed that tauon was significantly shorter in LD (12.3 +/- 0.5 s) than MD runners (16.4 +/- 1.0 s, p = 0.002). During recovery from exercise, tauoff was shorter in LD than MD runners (tauoff, 24.3 +/- 0.6 s vs. 26.9 +/- 0.8 s, p = 0.017). The volume of training was greater in LD (66.6 +/- 3.5 km x wk(-1)) than MD runners (43.5 +/- 3.9 km x wk(-1), p < 0.001) and was related to tauon in both groups of runner (MD: r = - 0.63, p = 0.009; LD: r = - 0.68, p = 0.004). Collectively, the results show that MD and LD runners can be differentiated on the basis of their on- and off-transient VO2 kinetics, despite similarities of VO2max and V(T). This is attributable to the greater volume of training performed by LD runners. Further investigations into adaptation(s) to training in muscle in MD and LD runners is required to determine the functional significance of such differences and the response of VO2 kinetic parameters to different training stimuli.
Authors:
A E Kilding; E M Winter; M Fysh
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of sports medicine     Volume:  27     ISSN:  0172-4622     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Sports Med     Publication Date:  2006 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-05-25     Completed Date:  2006-10-27     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8008349     Medline TA:  Int J Sports Med     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  419-26     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Auckland University of Technology, Division of Sport and Recreation, Auckland, New Zealand.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Exercise Test
Humans
Male
Oxygen Consumption / physiology*
Physical Education and Training
Physical Endurance / physiology
Recovery of Function / physiology
Running / physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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