Document Detail


A comparison of the physiologic effects of acute whole-body vibration exercise in young and older people.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18452726     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To examine the acute physiologic effects of acute whole-body vibration (WBV) exercise in young and older people. DESIGN: Every participant performed 9 conditions in a static squat position, consisting of no vibration and WBV at 30Hz and 3 loads corresponding to (1) no load (0% body mass), (2) load of 20% body mass, and (3) load of 40% body mass. A Jendrassik voluntary contraction was also performed with no vibration and WBV at 30Hz with no load and 20% body mass. SETTING: Laboratory facilities at a university in the United Kingdom. PARTICIPANTS: Healthy young people (n=12; 6 men, 6 women; mean age, 21.5y) and 12 healthy older people (6 men, 6 women; mean age, 69.2y) from the local community. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The Physical Activity Questionnaire, anthropometric measures, counter-movement jump, and isometric maximal voluntary contraction with the Jendrassik maneuver were assessed in both groups. Oxygen uptake (Vo2), blood pressure, heart rate, and rating of perceived exertion (RPE) were recorded during WBV and load conditions as the outcome of the study. RESULTS: Both vibration and load were associated with an increase (P<.001) in Vo2 for older and young groups. WBV elicited the equivalent of a .35 metabolic equivalent (MET) increase in Vo2, with additional loads of 20% and 40% body mass increasing Vo2 by 0.8 and 1.2 METs, respectively. Additionally, there was an interaction effect of vibration and group in which the WBV-related Vo2 increase was less in the old compared with the young. Both vibration and load caused an increase in heart rate, blood pressure, and RPE (all P<.001); however, there were no significant group differences between young and older groups. The Jendrassik maneuver elicited an increase in Vo2 by 27.6% for the old and 33% for the young group (P<.001); however, there was no significant difference between groups. CONCLUSIONS: Vo2 significantly increased in both the older and young people with vibration and additional load and when the Jendrassik maneuver was superimposed with vibration and load. However, the elicited increase in Vo2 (1.2mL x kg(-1).min(-1)) from WBV may be an insufficient stimulus to improve cardiovascular fitness.
Authors:
Darryl J Cochrane; Francesco Sartor; Keith Winwood; Stephen R Stannard; Marco V Narici; Jörn Rittweger
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation     Volume:  89     ISSN:  1532-821X     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch Phys Med Rehabil     Publication Date:  2008 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-05-02     Completed Date:  2008-06-03     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985158R     Medline TA:  Arch Phys Med Rehabil     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  815-21     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Sport Management & Coaching, Department of Management, Massey University, Palmerston North, NZ. D.Cochrane@massey.ac.nz
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Analysis of Variance
Blood Pressure / physiology
Exercise / physiology*
Female
Heart Rate / physiology
Humans
Isometric Contraction
Male
Muscle, Skeletal / physiology*
Oxygen Consumption / physiology
Questionnaires
Treatment Outcome
Vibration*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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