Document Detail

A comparison of outcomes of mitral valve repair for degenerative disease with posterior, anterior, and bileaflet prolapse.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16256774     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: We sought to compare the clinical and echocardiographic outcomes of mitral valve repair for mitral regurgitation in patients with degenerative disease of the mitral valve with posterior, anterior, or bileaflet prolapse. METHODS: Patients underwent operations from 1981 through 2001: 359 had posterior (mean age, 60.4 years), 92 had anterior (mean age, 53.3 years), and 250 had bileaflet (means age, 56.4 years) prolapse. Patients with anterior prolapse were younger (P = .04) and had more associated aortic valve disease (P = .02), particularly bicuspid aortic valve disease (P < .001). Anterior prolapse was corrected by using chordal replacement with Gore-Tex sutures in most patients, but early on in this series, leaflet resection, chordal shortening, and chordal transfer were also used. Echocardiograms were done annually, and clinical follow-up was complete at a mean of 6.9 +/- 4.0 years (range, 0-23 years). RESULTS: The overall survival at 12 years was 75% +/- 5%, with no difference among the posterior, anterior, and bileaflet prolapse groups (P = .3). The freedom from reoperation at 12 years was 96% +/- 2% for posterior, 88% +/- 4% for anterior, and 94% +/- 2% for bileaflet prolapse (P = .019). Anterior prolapse was the only independent predictor of reoperation. The freedom from moderate or severe mitral regurgitation at 12 years was 80% +/- 4% for posterior, 65% +/- 8% for anterior, and 67% +/- 6% for bileaflet prolapse (P = .001). Anterior and bileaflet prolapse, age, ejection fraction of less than 40%, and aortic valve disease were independent predictors of recurrent moderate or severe mitral regurgitation. CONCLUSIONS: The pathophysiology of mitral regurgitation affects the durability of mitral valve repair for degenerative disease, and the results of posterior prolapse are better than those of anterior and bileaflet prolapse. This study indicates that rates of reoperation underscore the rates of failure of mitral valve repair.
Tirone E David; Joan Ivanov; Susan Armstrong; Debbie Christie; Harry Rakowski
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article     Date:  2005-10-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery     Volume:  130     ISSN:  1097-685X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg.     Publication Date:  2005 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-10-31     Completed Date:  2005-12-29     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376343     Medline TA:  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1242-9     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Division of Cardiovascular Surgery and Cardiology of Toronto General Hospital and the University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Cardiac Surgical Procedures / methods
Middle Aged
Mitral Valve Prolapse / mortality,  surgery*
Postoperative Complications / epidemiology
Treatment Outcome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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