Document Detail


A comparison of myogenic and endothelial properties of myometrial and omental resistance vessels in late pregnancy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9077607     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to compare myometrial and omental resistance arteries from term pregnant women with respect to myogenic behavior in the presence or absence of a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor and to compare distensibility and acetylcholine-mediated dilatation in these vessels. STUDY DESIGN: Intramyometrial (n = 17) and omental (n = 14) resistance arteries from term normal pregnant women were studied in a pressurized arteriograph system. Myogenic tone was evaluated during increments in intraluminal pressure from 20 to 120 mm Hg with and without inhibition of nitric oxide synthase. Endothelium-dependent relaxation was assessed by evaluating the response to acetylcholine (10(-6) mol/L) in arteries pressurized at 70 mm Hg. RESULTS: Myogenic tone was greater at all pressure steps in the myometrial than in the omental arteries (p < 0.05). Inhibition of nitric oxide synthase with N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine had no influence on myogenic tone in either group. Relaxation to acetylcholine was greater in myometrial (18% +/- 4%) compared with omental vessels (7% +/- 2%, p < 0.05). The passive distensibility (Ca++-free solution and in the presence of papaverine) of arteries from the myometrium and the omentum was similar. CONCLUSION: Normal pregnancy is associated with different mechanical properties of resistance vessels from the two vascular beds studied. Basal nitric oxide release does not modify myogenic tone, at least under no-flow conditions. Acetylcholine-induced relaxation is greater in myometrial than in omental arteries.
Authors:
K R Kublickiene; M Kublickas; B Lindblom; N O Lunell; H Nisell
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of obstetrics and gynecology     Volume:  176     ISSN:  0002-9378     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol.     Publication Date:  1997 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-04-10     Completed Date:  1997-04-10     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370476     Medline TA:  Am J Obstet Gynecol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  560-6     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Karolinska Institute, Huddinge University Hospital, Sweden.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acetylcholine / pharmacology
Female
Humans
Labor, Obstetric
Myometrium / blood supply*
Nitric Oxide Synthase / antagonists & inhibitors
Omentum / blood supply*
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Trimester, Third
Pressure
Vascular Resistance* / drug effects
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
51-84-3/Acetylcholine; EC 1.14.13.39/Nitric Oxide Synthase

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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