Document Detail


A comparison of lateral column lengthening and medial translational osteotomy of the calcaneus for the reconstruction of adult acquired flatfoot.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18021579     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: This study compared the effects of lateral column lengthening and medial translational calcaneal osteotomy on pedal realignment and degeneration of adjacent hindfoot joints noted on radiographs.
METHODS: Forty patients who had either a lateral column lengthening (25 feet) or calcaneal osteotomy (17 feet) to reconstruct a flatfoot were retrospectively reviewed as two groups. Six parameters of foot alignment were measured from weightbearing preoperative, early postoperative, and latest followup radiographs. The magnitude of realignment achieved initially and preserved at latest followup was determined for each group. The talonavicular and subtalar joints were graded for radiographic evidence of arthritis before the reconstruction and at latest followup. Demographic information, complication rate, and reoperation associated with each group also were determined by chart review.
RESULTS: The group that received a lateral column lengthening demonstrated a greater initial realignment than the group treated with a calcaneal osteotomy. The lengthening group also demonstrated greater realignment than the osteotomized group when they were compared at their respective latest followup. The lengthening group had a higher number of adjacent joints with progression of arthritis. The rate of nonunion was higher with a lateral column lengthening; however, the rate of reoperation after an osteotomy was more than twice that observed after a lateral column lengthening.
CONCLUSIONS: The lateral column lengthening group achieved greater realignment initially and maintained correction better over time than the calcaneal osteotomy group while having a lower reoperation rate despite a higher incidence of nonunion and radiographic progression of adjacent joint arthritis.
Authors:
Patrick M Bolt; Samuel Coy; Brian C Toolan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Foot & ankle international     Volume:  28     ISSN:  1071-1007     ISO Abbreviation:  Foot Ankle Int     Publication Date:  2007 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-11-20     Completed Date:  2008-02-06     Revised Date:  2014-08-27    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9433869     Medline TA:  Foot Ankle Int     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1115-23     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Arthrodesis
Calcaneus / surgery*
Female
Flatfoot / surgery*
Follow-Up Studies
Foot Joints / radiography,  surgery
Humans
Ilium / transplantation
Male
Middle Aged
Osteoarthritis / radiography
Osteotomy / methods*
Reoperation / statistics & numerical data
Retrospective Studies
Tendon Transfer
Weight-Bearing

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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